Traditional medicine (TM) is defined as "the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses".
After the Renaissance and with the gradual development of allopathic medicine, traditional medicine was forgotten, so that in many countries, including Iran, it was removed from health systems. For about 35 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has paid special attention to the issue of traditional medicine in the world in order to achieve the goal of "health for all by the year 2000" and has published and implemented strategies related to the development of traditional medicine and how to use it. WHO has emphasized on the implementation of national policies and standards to improve the safety and quality of traditional medicine and integrate it into the current health care system.
Integrating traditional medicine with modern medicine, providing scientific and evidence-based treatment strategies, and educating health care providers is a necessity. Especially in recent years, the tendency of societies to use traditional medicine has increased and unfortunately, the incorrect and unprincipled use of herbal medicines and other traditional medicine treatments without considering its indications and contraindications sometimes occurs. In this regard, the Pharmacology Research Center has organized workshops for general practitioners with the aim of getting acquainted with the lifestyle recommendations and treatment instructions of Persian medicine, taking into account the documents of modern science. The first workshop on "inflammatory bowel disease in modern medicine and Iranian medicine" was held in November 2020 for general practitioners.